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Bronchial asthma: history and modern treatment.

Bronchial asthma is a chronic upper airways disease which often has severe forms. It refers to allergy and both children and adults suffer from it.

9.2.1 SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES

Asthma is one of the most spread recurrent diseases and has the following symptoms: asphyxia attacks or heavy breathing. Patients are often wheezing,  a “whistle” can be heard while they’re breathing. Many patients have impaired breathing out which is 2-4 times as short as breathing in.

Modern science defines 10 variants of the disease flow, each of them has its causes and features. Asthma treatment is chosen individually and depends on its severity, causes and patient’s lifestyle.

Asthma basic causes are the following:

  • Allergens (dust, blooming flowers pollen, pet’s wool, food, etc.);
  • Viruses and bacteria causing airways diseases: sinusitis, flue and bronchitis.
  • Environmental irritants: tobacco smoke, combustion products, cosmetics, etc;
  • Stresses, phobias and other conditions, long standing at low temperatures, allergy to medications;

9.2.2 DIAGNOSIS OF BRONCHIAL ASTHMA AND ITS FEATURES

Asthma is quite difficult to recognize as far as it has similar symptoms to other well spread diseases: pneumonia, bronchitis, thrombosis, vocal chords complications and even heart attack.

For bronchial asthma diagnosis  doctors inspect lungs function and check peak flow rate.  Blood and sputum analysis are also required.

Patient also has to visit allergist to find out what causes asthma attacks.